Black Women: The Intersection of Coeducation and Integration at Washington and Lee University

Dublin Core


Black Women: The Intersection of Coeducation and Integration at Washington and Lee University


Black Student Experience
Black Female Alliance
Black Female Experience


these hips are big hips
they need space to
move around in.
they don't fit into little
petty places. these hips
are free hips.
they don't like to be held back.

-Lucille Clifton, "homage to my hips"

All items in this collection depict the role of black women in Washington and Lee's history. Representing the combination of two significant changes to the university (i.e., by being both black and female), black women have often been overlooked when discussing integration and coeducation. In this collection, their greatness is highlighted as a reminder that they do thrive, exist, and change W&L.


March 2000 - October 2002

Collection Items

Ring-tum Phi Articles Recounting the 2000 Mock Con "I-Da-Ho" T-shirt catastrophe (with picture)
The highlighted articles detail Washington and Lee's campus climate after the 2000 Mock Convention. The Idaho Delegation voted to create t-shirts with the phrase "I-Da-Ho" across the chest, and below it, a provocative and grotesque drawing of a black…

"BFA announces its new name, plans for Lexington-area food drive" and "HRA spearheads food drive" - Articles from the October 21, 2002  and October 28, 2002 Ring-tum Phi
These two articles recount the name change of the controversial activist group Black Female Alliance (BFA) at Washington and Lee and their first event as the newly-named Human Rights Alliance (HRA). Their introductory event was a food-drive for…

"Forum probes W&L diversity" - Article from the March 18, 2002 Ring-tum Phi
This article discusses the 2002 Black History Month Diversity Forum in Northern Auditorium. Stealing most of the conversation time was the Black Female Alliance, which was not represented on the panel. However, the event sparked many conversations…

Letters to the Editor: "Divisive BFA defeats own purpose" and "BFA answers article, explains mission" - Articles from the January 28, 2002 and February 4, 2002 Ring-tum Phi
In the weeks following the Black Female Alliance's (BFA) debut, students voiced concern and outrage at the creation of a "divisive" group attempting to "ruin the W&L experience." Student leaders Kisha N. Barnes '04 and Imran Naeemullah '04 dispute…

"New alliance promotes unity, awareness" - Article from the January 21, 2002 Ring-tum Phi
This is the first Ring-tum Phi article to record the existence of the Black Female Alliance (BFA), a Minority Student Association (MSA) Committee that separated and made itself an organization during the 2001-2002 school year. Writer Allison Trinidad…
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